Boiler Efficiency and Ratings [Beginner’s Guide]
Tradespeople often mention boiler efficiency with heating systems and maintenance, but what exactly is it? Believe it or not, an energy-efficient boiler lowers the cost of your monthly bills. It also contributes to the well being of the environment.
Read further to find out more about the boiler efficiency ratings and what makes them so important.
Table of Contents
What is Boiler Efficiency?
The efficiency of a boiler shows you how much energy it uses to work and how much money you spend on it. The higher the boiler’s rating, the lower its energy consumption is, and the lower energy bills you pay each month.
For example, old boilers didn’t uphold many standards and regulations in the past and don’t have the modern technology we have today. This means that the older your boiler is, the more energy consumption you have. So, choosing the right unit means you save money in the long run.
To help you understand and compare boilers’ efficiencies, there are specific boiler ratings and efficiency charts on every piece of appliance.
Boiler Efficiency Ratings
ErP stands for Energy-related Products. This directive comes from the European Union and is valid for all member countries. They designed it to drive and increase the improvements in the performance and efficiency of boilers and other water heating systems and to cut down greenhouse gas emissions.
ErP uses the letters from A to G to rank the efficiency of a boiler or a heating system. A is the highest rating and G the lowest. Nowadays, almost all modern boilers have an A rating. There are also different levels of A rating – A+++, A++, A+, or A. In terms of percentage, A-rated boilers equal to over 90% for efficiency, and the G-rated boilers are equal to under 70% efficiency.
When speaking and reading about boiler efficiency, you will also often see ‘SEDBUK’. SEDBUK stands for Seasonal Efficiency of a Domestic Boiler. This is the way all boilers in the UK are rated for easy comparison. This rating also helps determine a boiler’s carbon footprint.
There are two types, SEDBUK 2005 and SEDBUK 2009. The former uses letters from A to G, where A is the most efficient and G is the least efficient. The latter uses a percentage to show efficiency. Respectively, the higher the percentage, the more efficient the boiler.
However, the SEDBUK rating isn’t used anymore because the ErP rates replaced it in 2015. While the UK government and boiler manufacturers used the SEDBUK rating, the ErP rating is a European directive, and it’s used throughout the continent.
How Efficient is Your Boiler?
Are you now wondering what’s the efficiency of your boiler? To find out, check the sticker on the boiler. It can be anywhere on the boiler, the front, the back or on the bottom. All modern appliances have such a sticker which shows the efficiency rating.
However, if your heating system or boiler is old, it may not have this sticker. Also, you or a plumber may have removed the sticker when you were putting up the boiler. In case there’s no sticker, find the model number, and look for the rating online.
There should be a sticker or a plate under the boiler, where the pipes protrude. Look for the brand and the exact model, maybe even the size. When you gather this information, you can go to the PCDB database and check the efficiency rating of your boiler.
You Can’t Find Your Model Number?
Unfortunately, there’s a possibility that the plate on the bottom of the boiler is also missing or is unreadable. If that’s the case, then finding out the model number becomes tricky.
What you should do is call a company and hire gas safe registered engineers for a boiler service. The engineer may remove the boiler’s cover and look inside. They could also give you a rough idea of the model if there’s no information but just the type of boiler – condensing or non-condensing.
If yours is non condensing, then it should have a lower efficiency rating. If it’s condensing, then it should be of high efficiency, probably above 85%.
How to Choose the Most Efficient Boiler
If you’re considering changing your old boiler with a new one, you may wonder which is the most efficient boiler. There are a couple of things you should know and think through before deciding on a new type of water heating system.
To work out the total costs and compare boilers, you have to consider:
- The price of the boiler;
- Installation service and does it need additional parts;
- Running costs yearly;
- Annual service;
Types of boilers
- Gas boiler – if you need a lot of hot water for a large household and you have a gas supply in your house, this type can be a good choice.
- Combi boiler – there are two types of combi boilers – gas and electric. They have relatively low running costs and should be considered as a replacement for your old boiler.
- Electric boiler – their installation is simpler and they are suitable for small households and flats. If used in large households, their efficiency will probably drop and your energy bill may increase.
Boiler size is the other crucial metric you need to consider when choosing the ideal appliance for your home. Naturally, the larger the house, the bigger boiler that is needed. You must also take the number of bathrooms and people who will use the boiler into account when deciding on the size. However, consider the boiler’s location. Will it be in an insulated room or not? Also, will it physically fit into the space you have in mind for its installation?
Condensing vs non-condensing
Both models have their pros and cons. It’s important that you make an informed decision for purchasing one or the other. The condensing type costs more to install initially but is more energy efficient in the long run. They are rated at about 99% efficiency, while non-condensing are rated only at about 78%. The latter cost less initially, but more in the long run and have a higher carbon footprint.
How Much Can You Save With an Energy Efficient Boiler
Your boiler is responsible for about 55%-60% of your yearly expenses on energy. If you cut half of these, imagine the amount of money you could save every year. To help you with the calculations here is a breakdown, for a boiler that is rated 70% efficient, out of every £1 spent on heating, 30p is on wasted energy. A more energy-efficient boiler, rated at 90%, you lose only 10p for every £1. When you add the yearly expenses on wasted energy for both types of ratings, you can see a clear difference.
As of April 2018, the ErP came into force, which establishes a required minimum for all gas boilers in England to be rated at least 92%. They enforced this directive with several goals in mind. The primary goals are fewer greenhouse gas emissions in Europe, improvement of the overall energy efficiency on the continent, and ideally, increased use of renewable energy sources.
So, here is an example of how much money you can save yearly if you install an A-rated boiler instead of the following.
|Type of boiler||Detached house||Semi-detached house|
These calculations are valid for homes in England, Scotland, and Wales. Source of information: Energy Saving Trust
How to Improve Your Boiler Efficiency
Knowing how much your boiler costs you yearly is a good reason to want to improve its efficiency. But if you’re asking how to improve boiler efficiency and if it can be done quickly and cheaply, here we list several things that can help improve boiler efficiency.
Installing a new, more efficient boiler doesn’t mean you’re set and you can forget about it. The settings on the boiler can affect its efficiency a lot. Naturally, you wouldn’t want to keep the high temperature in your home in the warm months. So, changing the settings on the heating system or boiler seasonally can help you reduce your running costs. If you’re not convinced of your skills to deal with the system, you can hire a qualified boiler engineer to check them out and fix them.
Regular Maintenance and Diagnostics
To improve boiler efficiency, regardless of type, model, or brand, it’s crucial to have regular maintenance and diagnostics. Doing it prolongs the life of your appliance and, with regular maintenance and cleaning, its efficiency will remain the same.
Professional diagnostics can determine if you set the system to the most efficient setting. Also, the expert can remove dirt and corrosion build-up. You can get helpful tips about boiler maintenance and how to prevent corrosion in the future, or at least until the next scheduled diagnostics.
Hydronic balancing means that all radiators have the exact supply of heat they need. A professional can perform this or you can try it yourself.
To do this task, you must first close all radiator valves. Turn on the central heating and start opening the valves one by one, going further away from the boiler. When all the radiators get warm, this means they are balanced. This simple process can improve boiler efficiency by up to 15%.
Invest in a New Unit
If your unit is old but you want to make it more efficient, the easiest thing to do is get a new unit. Depending on how old and what type and model your unit is, it may cost you more to transform it into something more efficient. In the big picture, it will be the most cost and energy-efficient option for you.
As it is with most things, there are pros and cons to every decision and every type of boiler. Replacing an existing one is not a small investment as it’s supposed to last for many years. That’s why it’s imperative to consider the boiler efficiency rating and also to think about every detail and aspect of the situation. It’s not a decision to take lightly, so if you’re uncertain which is the best efficient boiler for your home, you can contact a professional plumber to help you. A certified and trained professional will inspect your home and its layout and advise you on what the ideal option for your home would be.
Boiler Efficiency and Ratings [Beginner’s Guide]
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